POLICE Magazine Supplements

Civil Unrest 2017

Magazine for police and law enforcement

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6 S P E C I A L R E P O R T: C I V I L U N R E S T deployment in confined spaces. Air launched projectiles are de- signed to affect the target emotion- ally, mentally, and physiologically by delivering blunt force trauma and chemical in a liquid or powder. ey produce pain and chemical effects. Muzzle blast munitions are de- signed to affect the subject's breath- ing, offering a quick recovery time once the subjects leave the area where the muzzle blast munitions were deployed from 37mm or 40mm launchers or 12-gauge shot- guns. e munitions can deliver chemicals, including OC, CS, and/or CN, they can be impact munitions that deliver blunt force trauma and pain, or they can deliver both impact and chemicals. Impact munitions such as foam baton rounds, rubber pellet rounds, single rubber ball rounds, and rubber baton rounds are deployed from 12-gauge shotguns or 37mm/40mm launchers and deliver impact and blunt force. ey are available in black or smokeless powder cartridges. Bean bags are also deployed in 12-gauge or 37mm/40mm launch- ers. ey consist of buckshot in a single canvas bag shaped like a sock. Some bean bags have tails to assist in stabilizing flight to target, increasing their effective point of aim point of impact. Electrical immobilization sys- tems are shock shields made of plas- tic that deliver a moderate pulse of electricity to force attackers to back off and electronic control weapons such as TASERs. Non-lethal grenades are hand- deployed or launcher-deployed mu- nitions designed to offer the user a quick and accurate deployment of chemical agents. Grenades have the ability to reach out up to 100 yards and more and can deliver a quick re- lease of smoke, CS, CN, or a combi- nation of powder and rubber pellets. ey can also just be noise devices that can be used to quickly clear an area. Dave Young is the founder of Arma Training (www.armatraining.com). He has over 30 years of training and experience in law enforcement and corrections and is a veteran of the United States Marine Corps. ally, mentally, and physiologically. ey make it difficult for the sub- ject to breathe, impair vision, and cause skin irritation. Chemical aerosols are available in a variety of sizes ranging from a small hand- held canister consisting of approxi- mately 60 psi to a fire extinguisher sized canister that is pressurized to over 250 psi and can deliver a wide area spray of chemical aerosol into a crowd. e chemicals in these aerosols include: ➔ Oleoresin capsicum (OC), which is an inflammatory ➔ Chlorobenzalmalononitrile (CS), an irritant ➔ Chloracetophenone (CN) a lachrymatory (tear gas) e systems that deliver these chemicals can project a stream at a distance to a single target, a cone or fogger to en- gage a target area, or a foam or gel to effect a close-up target for Non-Lethal Weapons and Civil Unrest It's common practice to categorize the deployment ranges of non-lethal weapons into zones of effectiveness. This aids officers in deciding which weapons to use in different situations. PHOTO: POLICE FILE

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