POLICE Magazine Supplements

Civil Unrest 2017

Magazine for police and law enforcement

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S P E C I A L R E P O R T: C I V I L U N R E S T 15 e team's recent deployments, how- ever, have all been pre-planned. For ex- ample, through a memorandum of un- derstanding with the United States Park Police, the team was deployed in Wash- ington, DC, during the Trump inaugu- ration. Such planned events give the MSP time to schedule trooper rotations. TACTICS ON THE STREET Carroll says the MSP experience during the inauguration is a good example of how the team's training and tactics can be applied during actual civil unrest in- "e [rioters] burned a limousine and broke into some businesses. But our Level 1 team went in and assisted DC Metro's Level 2 team, and we knocked that down pretty quick." LESSONS LEARNED Such multi-agency deployments of pub- lic order officers now run smoothly, as many of the Washington/Baltimore- area agencies have adopted the Levels concept of civil unrest response, ac- cording to Carroll. He adds that the only way to achieve that successful coopera- tion and teamwork is to work for it. "e biggest thing I have learned that I want to share with other agencies is that you have to have your mutual aid teams trained to the same standards and provided with the same equipment, and they need to train together on a scheduled basis two to four times per year," Carroll says. "You need to get together, the command- ers need to know each other, so that you have the mutual aid worked out. at's important for any large-scale incident whether it is civil unrest, a mass casualty incident, or a coordinated terror attack." Maintaining communications be- tween all the involved teams has been particularly trying at some civil unrest incidents, according to Carroll. "You have to have a robust and comprehen- sive communications plan, and it has to be interoperable with all of your mutual aid partners." Carroll says communications break- downs during a civil disturbance can put officers at risk. "You need to be able to communicate with the other pla- toons in the field because if you want to do a maneuver or you want to deploy CS gas, that can push a violent crowd on top of another platoon; they need to know it's coming." fire-resistant PPE by being subjected to thrown rocks and bricks and even the blast of flames from firebombs. eir mission is to arrest violent offenders and disperse criminal elements of the crowd. Carroll says it was the intensity of the training and its effect that convinced him Perrin's methods would benefit the MSP. "As soon as I put the equipment on and started getting hit with bricks and Molotov cocktails, I felt like this was go- ing to be something worth investing in for the future," he says. Later when Perrin came to Maryland and trained a pla- toon of the mobile field force, Carroll says the transforma- tion of his officers told him he had made the right decision. "As our troopers experienced that training and wore the equipment, you could see the confidence building in the tac- tics and equipment and their ability to de-escalate violent unrest." DEPLOYING THE PLATOONS All of the members of the MSP mobile field force, whether Level 1 or Level 2, are not full-time public order officers. ey are stationed around Maryland as patrol troopers and performing other law enforcement duties. So when they are needed to perform public or- der operations, the teams have to be assembled. Carroll says the troopers can be called out suddenly for a spontaneous event and that procedures are in place to en- sure their duties are handled by other personnel. Also, a quick reaction force is available in the Washington, DC, and Baltimore areas. "We can call up as many as four platoons if we need them and have them mobilized in the Baltimore/ Washington area within about two hours. at's fully equipped, vehicles on the ground, ready to go," Carroll says. Maryland State Police Level 1 officers have real Molotov cocktails thrown at them during training. UBLIC ORDER TEAM cidents. He explains that during the in- auguration, the Level 3 (plain uniform) officers were generally very effective in speaking with the public and de-esca- lating tension. But there were some vio- lent elements in the crowd. "We [MSP's Level 1 platoons] were there with the Montgomery County (MD) Police Department and we were both married up with the U.S. Park Po- lice Level 1 team," Carroll says. "Some violent disorder broke out in the after- noon, and we dispersed that crowd, ending that riot in just a few minutes." Carroll says after the rioting was quelled, the team also helped DC Met- ropolitan Police make some 200 arrests for property damage and other crimes.

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