POLICE Magazine

JUN 2019

Magazine for police and law enforcement

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32 POLICE JUNE 2019 e Rescue Task Force model was established to allow emergency medics access to the victims sooner. is model allows emergency medics to be escort- ed into an area under the protection of law enforcement. ough not without flaw, developing a response plan that allows medical personnel to work to- gether with local law enforcement to quickly triage, treat, and transport vic- tims can increase the chance of victims' survival. In 2018, the Phoenix Police and Fire Departments began cross-training all street-level first responders to increase communication, response, and team- work, with the goal of saving as many lives as possible following active shoot- er incidents. is training was coordi- nated with local schools and populated venues, allowing all first responders to participate in real-world locations un- der high-stress scenarios using Simu- nition marking rounds and role players. e role players were outfitted with AK- 47s firing blanks, accurately simulating real gunfire so that a real life event is not the first time our officers encounter that level of opposition. is training allows police and fire to have a better understanding of each other's function during a critical incident and also to develop trust in one another for when it counts. Phoenix has looked at the national model of Rescue Task Force, mimick- ing many of its ideas and objectives, but changed some concepts and tactics to improve safety for responders and im- prove proficiency. e April 2016 issue of Fire Engineering published an article ("Active Shooter Response: Rescue in the Warm Zone" by Joe Pulvermacher) that discussed the strengths and weak- nesses of the Rescue Task Force con- cept. e goal of the concept is to have the first victim contact by the Rescue Task Force in under 10 minutes from the initial call. But in his article Pulver- macher raised concern that without the law enforcement protection component available, medical personnel could be sent into a situation where they could become additional victims. Phoenix PD's answer to this con- cern was to train all officers and other responders that the Rescue Task Force teams must move with law enforcement protection and that the area identified as a warm zone must be under police security before non-law enforcement responders enter. is allows fire/EMS to aid victims, while under police pro- tection. During training simulations, Phoenix found that response times from first arrival on scene to first victim con- tact were routinely under 15 minutes, with both protective layers completed. Phoenix Police found this allows for in- creased safety for all medical personnel and it saves more lives. T 4 E G U N S . C O M / P O L I C E © 2 0 1 8 U m a r e x U S A , I n c . S H O O T 1 2 R O U N D S P E R $1.00 TRAIN MORE SPEND LESS T M C O M P L E T E T R A I N I N G S Y S T E M S D E S I G N E D F O R S I M U L A T I O N T R A I N I N G A N D S K I L L I M P R O V E M E N T. Phoenix police officers train to provide security for emergency medical personnel in the warm zones of sites attacked by active shooters. Phoenix officers prepare to enter a room during active shooter training. PHOTOS: DANIEL ROMERO PHOTOS: DANIEL ROMERO THE ACTIVE SHOOTER THREAT

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