POLICE Magazine

MAR 2019

Magazine for police and law enforcement

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P O L I C E M AG .C O M 39 ColumbiaSouthern.edu/CJ ยป 877.347.6050 Located in Orange Beach, Alabama. Gainful employment information available at ColumbiaSouthern.edu/Disclosure. Earn Your Criminal Justice Degree Online Police officers face new challenges every day. At Columbia Southern University, we get it. at's why we offer flexible online criminal justice degrees that allow you to earn the promotion you deserve at your own pace, while keeping your current job a priority. Chief Matthew Bartal Annville Township Police Department CSU Graduate tactics, the officer must use reasonable force as specified by Graham v. Connor. In Graham, the Supreme Court ruled use of force by a police officer is based on an objective reasonableness stan- dard, the totality of the circumstances, and the officer's perception at that mo- ment. e Court ruled that officers can- not be judged using hindsight because officers often have to make split-second decisions. TRAINING AND EDUCATION If you are going to use a chokehold, you need proper training and need to know if it is permitted by policy. Proper train- ing includes recognizing unconscious- ness, so that chokes are not applied any longer than necessary, especially the air choke. Further, it is vital that offi- cers understand that certain members of the population are at higher risk of incurring injury or death as a result of a chokehold. Such individuals in- clude those with cardiac disorders and younger people whose central nervous systems have not completely developed. Continuing training is necessary in order to ensure that officers are up-to- date with the latest knowledge about chokeholds, and to help them main- tain their familiarity with performing them. Such education needs to include the anatomy of the neck, medical is- sues, necessary precautions, and prop- er application. Also, it is essential that officers receive training on reviving an assailant who has fallen unconscious. Such skills should be learned from ex- pert trainers, and not just from an arti- cle, as both practice and theory are nec- essary in order to master the safe use of a chokehold. Both the air choke and blood choke require initial and continued training, as it is vital that officers understand possible medical issues, necessary pre- cautions, the anatomy of the neck, and proper application before attempting to perform such techniques. e purpose of this article, it should be strongly stressed, was not to describe and define chokes to the point where readers feel comfortable using these techniques, but rather to clarify some of the confusion involving chokeholds. From here, readers should seek ap- propriate training in order to practice such maneuvers in a safe environment, before attempting to use them in the field. Importantly, officers should fol- low their state laws and their depart- mental policies and procedures in- volving such techniques, and train as much as possible. Dr. Michael Schlosser, Ph.D., is the di- rector of the University of Illinois Police Training Institute, and the Institute's lead control and arrest tactics instructor. He retired from the Rantoul (IL) Police Department as a lieutenant.

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