POLICE Magazine

DEC 2018

Magazine for police and law enforcement

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PoliceMag.com 33 Recovery made simple and safe with a JW Fishers commercial grade ROV system. - Pan & tilt front AND rear cameras - Hi-Intensity LED lighting - (4) hi ouput, reversible motors - Highly portable system - 1,000 foot (300m) depth capability - ROVs starting at $20,995 - Many options including a manipulator arm, side cameras, scanning sonar, metal detectors and more! JW Fishers Mfg., Inc. (800)822-4744 or (508)822-7330 Email: info@jwfishers.com www.jwfishers.com less for three separate data submissions. • Reasonable statistics: Data submissions must be statisti- cally reasonable as a whole (in comparison to national trends). While the error rate assesses the existence of logical mechani- cal flaws in the data, it does not address data in the aggregate. e FBI's UCR Program evaluates aggregate data submissions in terms of percent distribution, data trend, volume, and monthly fluctuations. One very important point to remember about the new crime reporting system is that the Hierarchy Rule no longer applies. Current UCR data protocol, while it is still valuable, is not all- inclusive due to the application of the Hierarchy Rule. e Hier- archy Rule indicates that only the most serious incident should be reported, causing the actual number of crimes committed to be obscured. An example of how the Hierarchy Rule is applied in UCR can be seen in an incident in which a criminal breaks into a home, takes the homeowner's wallet at gunpoint, and ultimately shoots and kills the owner. Under the Hierarchy Rule, the agency only reports the most serious offense: murder. is does not, however, provide an accurate depiction of what actually occurred. NIBRS allows for a more complete, factually correct incident report to be generated. Perhaps the most important thing you should know about NIBRS is your agency could potentially lose funding if it doesn't implement the system by the Jan. 1, 2021, deadline. is loss of funding could include grants available through the Justice Assis- tance Grant (JAG) Program and the Office of Community Orient- ed Policing Services (COPS Office). Agencies that are not compli- ant may also be ineligible for the Justice Department's Equitable Sharing Program and the Federal Surplus Equipment Program. One of the primary benefits of NIBRS is that you can report incidents more rapidly, effectively, and efficiently. With the UCR reporting system, agencies can only record lim- ited data for 10 offenses, in addition to 20 more crimes where only arrests are reported. With NIBRS, agencies can collect detailed data for up to 52 offenses, along with 10 more offenses where only arrests are reported. ese offenses can also now be divided into three incident classifications—Crimes Against Persons and Crimes Against Property classifications have existed previously, but NIBRS now includes a Crimes Against Society category. No matter the offense, NIBRS records demographic informa- tion such as race, ethnicity, age, and sex of victims, arrestees, and known offenders. In contrast, UCR only does this for murder. In addition, NIBRS gathers data on gang involvement, time of day, weapons and force, location, and drug types and quantities. NIBRS allows for collecting the finer details of an incident, re- sulting in a clearer, more accurate and overall better description of the crime. e comparison chart on page 32 illustrates the dif- ferences between UCR and NIBRS and is a testament to NIBRS thoroughness. Bobby Robertson is CEO of Omnigo Software.

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