POLICE Magazine

NOV 2018

Magazine for police and law enforcement

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PoliceMag.com 17 Read POLICE Magazine's special report on Investigative Technologies on your tablet, mobile or desktop today! PoliceMag.com/InvestigativeTechnologies READ IT WHERE YOU NEED IT! POL10-2108.18 EDITORIAL HIGHLIGHTS • Capturing Crime Scene Images • The Investigative Role of Body Cameras • Fighting Crime with Predictive Policing • Developing Leads with Investigative Imaging Tools • The Challenge of Smartphones • Speeding Up DNA Analysis • How to Preserve a Crime Scene Sponsored by the most anti-police types in the room will have to grudgingly admit that you gave Larry several chances to go along with the program and he didn't. (For those of you who wear body cam- eras, the benefit to this approach should be obvious.) No need to use Introduce-Explain-Ask during a felony hot stop or a shots fired call, of course. It has its uses during mostly lower- risk encounters. And Ask-Tell-Make works best in those situa- tions where the suspect needs to know you have given him op- tions and now those are over. You will not back down or change your mind about using arrest and control force to take him into custody. Once you reach the Make stage, it's no longer up for discus- sion, it's not a debate, and you will have to take action because he has failed to comply. Don't keep repeating the ATM model or it will lose its power. Once you decide to Make, put hands on. Both of these models give you a range of semantic choices from Officer Friendly to Officer Assertive. You can always skip steps if you need to, but these communication approaches can help you "sell" what you're doing in the field, to citizens, witness- es, and suspects alike. Steve Albrecht worked for the San Diego Police Department for 15 years. His books include Albrecht on Guns; Patrol Cop, Street- work, Contact and Cover, and Tactical Perfection for Street Cops. He can be reached at drsteve@drstevealbrecht.com or on Twitter @DrSteveAlbrecht. "I'm Officer Whomever, from the Local Police Department. What's your name, sir?" "Larry!" "Okay, Larry. anks for that. I got called here and it looks like it's time for you to leave the library. I'm going to Ask you to gather up your stuff, so we can head outside to talk some more. You hear what I'm Asking you?" "You can't tell me what to do! I know my civil rights! I'm not leaving!" "I hear you, Larry. But at this point, I've already made up my mind that you're trespassing and they have warned you in the past that you can't be here. So now, I'm Telling you, you have to leave. Let's head to the door." "F--- you!" (Or some variation of the Universal Police Chal- lenge to your legal authority.) "OK, Larry. I've Asked you to leave, I've Told you to leave, so you need to leave. Now, you've given me no choice, so I will have to Make you leave." If Library Larry squares off and challenges you to fight, then you take the necessary steps (with a cover officer, preferably) to Make him leave with you, via an arrest for trespass, public intoxi- cation, warrants, civil order violation, or whatever the situation dictates. e value to repeating the steps in Ask-Tell-Make is not just for Larry's benefit; it's for the library staffers and civilians who are gathered around watching and listening to your encounter. Even

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