POLICE Magazine

SEP 2018

Magazine for police and law enforcement

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6 SPECIAL REPORT H ACTIVE SHOOTER RESPONSE team, so he knows the value of coordinated training for large- scale events. "Over the years, we noticed that fire and EMS were kind of sit- ting in the staging area, wanting to get involved," Curnutt says. "So now the big thing is the integration. How do we, as safely as possible, get them closer to these problems and sooner? at's what we're working on now: show them different options on all the different ways that we can stop the killing, stabilize the scene, stabilize the patient, and get the critically injured out of there as quickly as possible." TAILOR MADE u AAIR training is targeted to address the needs of the specific agencies being taught. First of all, larger agencies generally have more resources, funding, and manpower compared to smaller agencies. Beyond that, different agencies and even different regions have certain types of tactics and training they tend to focus on…and others they may neglect. is is also true of fire and EMS medical intervention tactics, and their different ways of doing things might not all mesh together. AAIR training aims to put everyone on the same page as much as possible by tailoring training to the agencies. Curnett says, "When we go all over the country, we have to be flexible in what we're showing and how we're show- ing people how to achieve these goals: stop the killing, stop the dying, rapidly evacuate the casualties." While fire and EMS use incident com- mand structure often and well, he says it's something most law enforcement officers don't have as much experience with. So the training addresses this discrepancy and pushes everyone involved to fill any gaps of skill and knowledge and figure out what they actually need to do when a critical incident occurs. "We'll ask the people in the class first, 'How would you handle this? What would you do here? What does your policy allow you to do in a situation like this? Can you establish command? Can you call for these resources or does it have to be some level above you?'" Curnett explains. "And we'll get them involved in the criti- cal thinking and problem-solving process." TRUE TEST u e importance of this type of training is evident in the Las Vegas law enforcement response to the outdoor concert mass LAW ENFORCEMENT is constantly training on responding to ac- tive shooter situations and stopping the killing by stopping the threat. But that might cover only the first two minutes of an in- cident. What about the next 20 minutes? What should officers be doing in the immediate aftermath? Conventional wisdom about active shooter response has shifted to include fire and EMS personnel entering the scene much sooner than in the past to help the injured. To maximize lifesaving, law enforcement officers need to coordinate with each other as well as fire and EMS. Active Attack Integrated Re- sponse courses provide practical training for how to do just that. ACTIVE ATTACK INTEGRATED RESPONSE u e Advanced Law Enforcement Rapid Response Training (ALERRT) Program at Texas State University (https://alerrt.org) is devoted to active shooter response train- ing. Currently, 14 different ALERRT courses covering different aspects of active shooter response are delivered across the country, with costs usually entirely covered by state and federal training funds. Host agencies need to provide a facility and the people to participate, and ALERRT staff handle the rest, including equipment and curriculum. e Active Attack Integrated Response (AAIR) course goes beyond the initial re- sponse and focuses on the first 20 minutes of an active shooter situation and how ev- eryone works together. It's available as a two-day basic opera- tor course or a five-day train-the-trainer course. Both include 42 students: 25 law enforcement officers from multiple agen- cies, 15 fire and EMS personnel, and two dispatchers per class. e training teaches officers medical skills based on tactical emergency casualty care (TECC) guidelines to aid victims and focuses on law enforcement, fire, and emergency medical ser- vices integrating their response and resources. John Curnutt is the assistant director of the ALERRT Pro- gram at Texas State University. He spent much of his 21 years at a Texas police department serving on a multi-agency SWAT TO TRULY SAVE LIVES AT AN ACTIVE SHOOTER INCIDENT, OF F ICERS NEED TO LEARN TO EF FECTIVELY COORDINATE WITH FIRE AND EMS AT THE SCENE . TRAINING TO GET ON THE SAME PAGE M E L A N I E B A S I C H ALERRT's Active Attack Integrated Re- sponse program prepares LE agencies to work with fire and EMS personnel during an active shooter incident.

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